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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(12), 1313; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs9121313

Improving Mean Minimum and Maximum Month-to-Month Air Temperature Surfaces Using Satellite-Derived Land Surface Temperature

1
GRUMETS Research Group, Department of Geography, Edifici B, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
2
GRUMETS Research Group, Department of Animal Biology, Plant Biology and Ecology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
3
GRUMETS Research Group, CREAF, Edifici C, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 October 2017 / Revised: 28 November 2017 / Accepted: 11 December 2017 / Published: 14 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensing in Agriculture and Vegetation)
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Abstract

Month-to-month air temperature (Tair) surfaces are increasingly demanded to feed quantitative models related to a wide range of fields, such as hydrology, ecology or climate change studies. Geostatistical interpolation techniques provide such continuous and objective surfaces of climate variables, while the use of remote sensing data may improve the estimates, especially when temporal resolution is detailed enough. The main goal of this study is to propose an empirical methodology for improving the month-to-month Tair mapping (minimum and maximum) using satellite land surface temperatures (LST) besides of meteorological data and geographic information. The methodology consists on multiple regression analysis combined with the spatial interpolation of residual errors using the inverse distance weighting. A leave-one-out cross-validation procedure has been included in order to compare predicted with observed values. Different operational daytime and nighttime LST products corresponding to the four months more characteristic of the seasonal dynamics of a Mediterranean climate have been considered for a thirteen-year period. The results can be considered operational given the feasibility of the models employed (linear dependence on predictors that are nowadays easily available), the robustness of the leave-one-out cross-validation procedure and the improvement in accuracy achieved when compared to classical Tair modeling results. Unlike what is considered by most studies, it is shown that nighttime LST provides a good proxy not only for minimum Tair, but also for maximum Tair. The improvement achieved by the inclusion of remote sensing LST products was higher for minimum Tair (up to 0.35 K on December), especially over forests and rugged lands. Results are really encouraging, as there are generally few meteorological stations in zones with these characteristics, clearly showing the usefulness of remote sensing to improve information about areas that are difficult to access or simply with a poor availability of conventional meteorological data. View Full-Text
Keywords: air surface temperature; land surface temperature; spatial interpolation; climatological modeling; remote sensing air surface temperature; land surface temperature; spatial interpolation; climatological modeling; remote sensing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Mira, M.; Ninyerola, M.; Batalla, M.; Pesquer, L.; Pons, X. Improving Mean Minimum and Maximum Month-to-Month Air Temperature Surfaces Using Satellite-Derived Land Surface Temperature. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 1313.

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