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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(11), 1143; doi:10.3390/rs9111143

Measurement of the Earth Radiation Budget at the Top of the Atmosphere—A Review

Observations Division, Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium, 1180 Brussels, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 September 2017 / Revised: 27 October 2017 / Accepted: 1 November 2017 / Published: 7 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers for Section Atmosphere Remote Sensing)
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The Earth Radiation Budget at the top of the atmosphere quantifies how the Earth gains energy from the Sun and loses energy to space. It is of fundamental importance for climate and climate change. In this paper, the current state-of-the-art of the satellite measurements of the Earth Radiation Budget is reviewed. Combining all available measurements, the most likely value of the Total Solar Irradiance at a solar minimum is 1362 W/m 2, the most likely Earth albedo is 29.8%, and the most likely annual mean Outgoing Longwave Radiation is 238 W/m 2. We highlight the link between long-term changes of the Outgoing Longwave Radiation, the strengthening of El Nino in the period 1985–1997 and the strengthening of La Nina in the period 2000–2009. View Full-Text
Keywords: Earth Radiation Budget; Total Solar irradiance; Satellite remote sensing Earth Radiation Budget; Total Solar irradiance; Satellite remote sensing

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Dewitte, S.; Clerbaux, N. Measurement of the Earth Radiation Budget at the Top of the Atmosphere—A Review. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 1143.

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