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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(8), 670; doi:10.3390/rs8080670

Advanced Three-Dimensional Finite Element Modeling of a Slow Landslide through the Exploitation of DInSAR Measurements and in Situ Surveys

1
Istituto per il Rilevamento Elettromagnetico dell’Ambiente, IREA-CNR, via Diocleziano 328, 80124 Napoli, Italy
2
Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica, IRPI-CNR, via Amendola 122 I, 70126 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Roberto Tomas, Zhenhong Li, Richard Gloaguen and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 10 June 2016 / Revised: 10 August 2016 / Accepted: 16 August 2016 / Published: 19 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Earth Observations for Geohazards)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [10328 KB, uploaded 19 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

In this paper, we propose an advanced methodology to perform three-dimensional (3D) Finite Element (FE) modeling to investigate the kinematical evolution of a slow landslide phenomenon. Our approach benefits from the effective integration of the available geological, geotechnical and satellite datasets to perform an accurate simulation of the landslide process. More specifically, we fully exploit the capability of the advanced Differential Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (DInSAR) technique referred to as the Small BAseline Subset (SBAS) approach to provide spatially dense surface displacement information. Subsequently, we analyze the physical behavior characterizing the observed landslide phenomenon by means of an inverse analysis based on an optimization procedure. We focus on the Ivancich landslide phenomenon, which affects a residential area outside the historical center of the town of Assisi (Central Italy). Thanks to the large amount of available information, we have selected this area as a representative case study highlighting the capability of advanced 3D FE modeling to perform effective risk analyses of slow landslide processes and accurate urban development planning. In particular, the FE modeling is constrained by using the data from 7 litho-stratigraphic cross-sections and 62 stratigraphic boreholes; and the optimization procedure is carried out using the SBAS-DInSAR retrieved results by processing 39 SAR images collected by the Cosmo-SkyMed (CSK) constellation in the 2009–2012 time span. The achieved results allow us to explore the spatial and temporal evolution of the slow-moving phenomenon and via comparison with the geomorphological data, to derive a synoptic view of the kinematical activity of the urban area affected by the Ivancich landslide. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D Finite Element model; landslides kinematics; Cosmo-SkyMed DInSAR measurements; Ivancich landslide (Assisi, Central Italy) 3D Finite Element model; landslides kinematics; Cosmo-SkyMed DInSAR measurements; Ivancich landslide (Assisi, Central Italy)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

De Novellis, V.; Castaldo, R.; Lollino, P.; Manunta, M.; Tizzani, P. Advanced Three-Dimensional Finite Element Modeling of a Slow Landslide through the Exploitation of DInSAR Measurements and in Situ Surveys. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 670.

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