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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(6), 502; doi:10.3390/rs8060502

Synergistic Use of Citizen Science and Remote Sensing for Continental-Scale Measurements of Forest Tree Phenology

Appalachian Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Frostburg, MD 21532, USA
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Academic Editors: Steffen Fritz, Cidália Costa Fonte, Lars T. Waser and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 30 December 2015 / Revised: 17 May 2016 / Accepted: 31 May 2016 / Published: 14 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Citizen Science and Earth Observation)
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Abstract

There is great potential value in linking geographically dispersed multitemporal observations collected by lay volunteers (or “citizen scientists”) with remotely-sensed observations of plant phenology, which are recognized as useful indicators of climate change. However, challenges include a large mismatch in spatial scale and diverse sources of uncertainty in the two measurement types. These challenges must be overcome if the data from each source are to be compared and jointly used to understand spatial and temporal variation in phenology, or if remote observations are to be used to predict ground-based observations. We investigated the correlation between land surface phenology derived from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) data and citizen scientists’ phenology observations from the USA National Phenology Network (NPN). The volunteer observations spanned 2004 to 2013 and represented 25 plant species and nine phenophases. We developed quality control procedures that removed observations outside of an a priori determined acceptable period and observations that were made more than 10 days after a preceding observation. We found that these two quality control steps improved the correlation between ground- and remote-observations, but the largest improvement was achieved when the analysis was restricted to forested MODIS pixels. These results demonstrate a high degree of correlation between the phenology of individual trees (particularly dominant forest trees such as quaking aspen, white oak, and American beech) and the phenology of the surrounding forested landscape. These results provide helpful guidelines for the joint use of citizen scientists’ observations and remote sensing phenology in work aimed at understanding continental scale variation and temporal trends. View Full-Text
Keywords: phenology; citizen science; remote sensing; MODIS; forest; landscape ecology phenology; citizen science; remote sensing; MODIS; forest; landscape ecology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Elmore, A.J.; Stylinski, C.D.; Pradhan, K. Synergistic Use of Citizen Science and Remote Sensing for Continental-Scale Measurements of Forest Tree Phenology. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 502.

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