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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(5), 385; doi:10.3390/rs8050385

Mapping Deforestation and Forest Degradation Patterns in Western Himalaya, Pakistan

1
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu 44700, Nepal
2
The Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography (XIEG), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Urumqi 830011, China
3
Department of Land Surveying and Geo-Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rasmus Fensholt, Stephanie Horion, Torbern Tagesson, Martin Brandt, Parth Sarathi Roy and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 31 December 2015 / Revised: 12 April 2016 / Accepted: 12 April 2016 / Published: 6 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of Land Degradation and Drivers of Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5948 KB, uploaded 6 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

The Himalayan mountain forest ecosystem has been degrading since the British ruled the area in the 1850s. Local understanding of the patterns and processes of degradation is desperately required to devise management strategies to halt this degradation and provide long-term sustainability. This work comprises a satellite image based study in combination with national expert validation to generate sub-district level statistics for forest cover over the Western Himalaya, Pakistan, which accounts for approximately 67% of the total forest cover of the country. The time series of forest cover maps (1990, 2000, 2010) reveal extensive deforestation in the area. Indeed, approximately 170,684 ha of forest has been lost, which amounts to 0.38% per year clear cut or severely degraded during the last 20 years. A significant increase in the rate of deforestation is observed in the second half of the study period, where much of the loss occurs at the western borders along with Afghanistan. The current study is the first systematic and comprehensive effort to map changes to forest cover in Northern Pakistan. Deforestation hotspots identified at the sub-district level provide important insight into deforestation patterns, which may facilitate the development of appropriate forest conservation and management strategies in the country. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental degradation; forest monitoring; land degradation environmental degradation; forest monitoring; land degradation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Qamer, F.M.; Shehzad, K.; Abbas, S.; Murthy, M.; Xi, C.; Gilani, H.; Bajracharya, B. Mapping Deforestation and Forest Degradation Patterns in Western Himalaya, Pakistan. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 385.

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