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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(4), 331; doi:10.3390/rs8040331

Satellite Climate Data Records: Development, Applications, and Societal Benefits

1,†,* , 2,†
,
3,†
,
4,5,†
and
3,†
1
Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites-Maryland, Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20740, USA
2
EUMETSAT, 64295 Darmstadt, Germany
3
National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, NC 28801, USA
4
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Earth System Modeling, Center for Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
5
Joint Center for Global Change Studies, Beijing 100875, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jiaguo Qi, Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 15 February 2016 / Revised: 25 March 2016 / Accepted: 6 April 2016 / Published: 15 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Satellite Climate Data Records and Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1312 KB, uploaded 15 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

This review paper discusses how to develop, produce, sustain, and serve satellite climate data records (CDRs) in the context of transitioning research to operation (R2O). Requirements and critical procedures of producing various CDRs, including Fundamental CDRs (FCDRs), Thematic CDRs (TCDRs), Interim CDRs (ICDRs), and climate information records (CIRs) are discussed in detail, including radiance/reflectance and the essential climate variables (ECVs) of land, ocean, and atmosphere. Major international CDR initiatives, programs, and projects are summarized. Societal benefits of CDRs in various user sectors, including Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries, Energy, Heath, Water, Transportation, and Tourism are also briefly discussed. The challenges and opportunities for CDR development, production and service are also addressed. It is essential to maintain credible CDR products by allowing free access to products and keeping the production process transparent by making source code and documentation available with the dataset. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate data record; satellite; remote sensing climate data record; satellite; remote sensing
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Yang, W.; John, V.O.; Zhao, X.; Lu, H.; Knapp, K.R. Satellite Climate Data Records: Development, Applications, and Societal Benefits. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 331.

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