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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(3), 241; doi:10.3390/rs8030241

Monitoring Riverbank Erosion in Mountain Catchments Using Terrestrial Laser Scanning

1
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile e Ambientale, Politecnico di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy
2
Department of Architecture, Built Environment and Construction Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy
3
Polo Territoriale di Lecco, Politecnico di Milano, 23900 Lecco, Italy
4
College of Surveying and Geo-Informatics, Tongji University, 200092 Shanghai, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: James Jin-King Liu, Yu-Chang Chan, Magaly Koch and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 10 December 2015 / Revised: 22 February 2016 / Accepted: 4 March 2016 / Published: 14 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing in Geology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4958 KB, uploaded 14 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Sediment yield is a key factor in river basins management due to the various and adverse consequences that erosion and sediment transport in rivers may have on the environment. Although various contributions can be found in the literature about sediment yield modeling and bank erosion monitoring, the link between weather conditions, river flow rate and bank erosion remains scarcely known. Thus, a basin scale assessment of sediment yield due to riverbank erosion is an objective hard to be reached. In order to enhance the current knowledge in this field, a monitoring method based on high resolution 3D model reconstruction of riverbanks, surveyed by multi-temporal terrestrial laser scanning, was applied to four banks in Val Tartano, Northern Italy. Six data acquisitions over one year were taken, with the aim to better understand the erosion processes and their triggering factors by means of more frequent observations compared to usual annual campaigns. The objective of the research is to address three key questions concerning bank erosion: “how” erosion happens, “when” during the year and “how much” sediment is eroded. The method proved to be effective and able to measure both eroded and deposited volume in the surveyed area. Finally an attempt to extrapolate basin scale volume for bank erosion is presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: bank erosion; TLS; sediment yield; freeze thaw cycles; bank erosion monitoring; river morphology bank erosion; TLS; sediment yield; freeze thaw cycles; bank erosion monitoring; river morphology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Longoni, L.; Papini, M.; Brambilla, D.; Barazzetti, L.; Roncoroni, F.; Scaioni, M.; Ivanov, V.I. Monitoring Riverbank Erosion in Mountain Catchments Using Terrestrial Laser Scanning. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 241.

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