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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(10), 806; doi:10.3390/rs8100806

Electronic Crosstalk in Aqua MODIS Long-Wave Infrared Photovoltaic Bands

1
NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, Center for Satellite Applications and Research, E/RA3, 5830 University Research Ct., College Park, MD 20740, USA
2
Global Science and Technology, 7855 Walker Drive, Suite 200, Greenbelt, MD 20770, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gonzalo Pajares Martinsanz, Clement Atzberger, Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 13 July 2016 / Revised: 29 August 2016 / Accepted: 22 September 2016 / Published: 28 September 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1879 KB, uploaded 28 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Recent investigations have discovered that Terra MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) long-wave infrared (LWIR) photovoltaic (PV) bands, bands 27–30, have strong crosstalk among themselves. The linear model developed to test the electronic crosstalk effect was instrumental in the first discovery of the effect in Terra MODIS band 27, and through subsequent investigations the model and the correction algorithm were tested further and established to be correct. It was shown that the correction algorithm successfully mitigated the anomalous features in the calibration coefficients as well as the severe striping and the long-term drift in the Earth view (EV) retrievals for the affected Terra bands. Here, the examination into Aqua MODIS using the established methodology confirms the existence of significant crosstalk contamination in its four LWIR PV, although the finding shows the overall effect to be of lesser degree. The crosstalk effect is characterized and the crosstalk correction coefficients are derived for all four Aqua LWIR PV bands via analysis of signal contamination in the lunar imagery. Sudden changes in the crosstalk contamination are clearly seen, as also in the Terra counterparts in previous investigations. These sudden changes are consistent with the sudden jumps observed in the linear calibration coefficients for many years, thus this latest finding provides an explanation to the long-standing but unexplained anomalies in the calibration coefficients of the four Aqua LWIR bands. It is also shown that the crosstalk contamination for these bands are of similar level for the two MODIS instruments in the early mission that can lead to as much as 2 K increase in brightness temperature for the affected bands, thus demonstrating significant impact on the science results already started at the early going. As Aqua MODIS is a legacy sensor, the crosstalk correction to its LWIR PV bands will be important to remove the impact of the crosstalk contamination from its calibration results and the associated science products. View Full-Text
Keywords: MODIS; Aqua; crosstalk; Thermal Emissive Bands; Long Wave Infrared (LWIR); Photovoltaic (PV) MODIS; Aqua; crosstalk; Thermal Emissive Bands; Long Wave Infrared (LWIR); Photovoltaic (PV)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, J.; Wang, M. Electronic Crosstalk in Aqua MODIS Long-Wave Infrared Photovoltaic Bands. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 806.

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