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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(1), 41; doi:10.3390/rs8010041

JPSS-1 VIIRS Radiometric Characterization and Calibration Based on Pre-Launch Testing

1
Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham, MD 20706, USA
2
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
Current affiliation: SAIC, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
Current affiliation: Earth Resources Technology, Inc., Silver Spring, MD 20707, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Changyong Cao, Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 29 October 2015 / Revised: 21 December 2015 / Accepted: 28 December 2015 / Published: 6 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometers and Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3469 KB, uploaded 6 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on-board the first Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) completed its sensor level testing on December 2014. The JPSS-1 (J1) mission is scheduled to launch in December 2016, and will be very similar to the Suomi-National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) mission. VIIRS instrument has 22 spectral bands covering the spectrum between 0.4 and 12.6 μm. It is a cross-track scanning radiometer capable of providing global measurements twice daily, through observations at two spatial resolutions, 375 m and 750 m at nadir for the imaging and moderate bands, respectively. This paper will briefly describe J1 VIIRS characterization and calibration performance and methodologies executed during the pre-launch testing phases by the government independent team to generate the at-launch baseline radiometric performance and the metrics needed to populate the sensor data record (SDR) Look-Up-Tables (LUTs). This paper will also provide an assessment of the sensor pre-launch radiometric performance, such as the sensor signal to noise ratios (SNRs), radiance dynamic range, reflective and emissive bands calibration performance, polarization sensitivity, spectral performance, response-vs-scan (RVS), and scattered light response. A set of performance metrics generated during the pre-launch testing program will be compared to both the VIIRS sensor specification and the SNPP VIIRS pre-launch performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: JPSS; SNPP; VIIRS; pre-launch; radiometric; performance; calibration; spectral JPSS; SNPP; VIIRS; pre-launch; radiometric; performance; calibration; spectral
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Oudrari, H.; McIntire, J.; Xiong, X.; Butler, J.; Ji, Q.; Schwarting, T.; Lee, S.; Efremova, B. JPSS-1 VIIRS Radiometric Characterization and Calibration Based on Pre-Launch Testing. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 41.

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