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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(6), 6986-7006; doi:10.3390/rs70606986

Toward Improved Daily Cloud-Free Fractional Snow Cover Mapping with Multi-Source Remote Sensing Data in China

Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecology System, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730020, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Xin Li, Yuei-An Liou, Qinhuo Liu, Alexander Kokhanovsky and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 13 February 2015 / Revised: 14 May 2015 / Accepted: 22 May 2015 / Published: 29 May 2015
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Abstract

With the high resolution of optical data and the lack of weather effects of passive microwave data, we developed an algorithm to map daily cloud-free fractional snow cover (FSC) based on the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) standard daily FSC product, the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR2) snow water equivalent (SWE) product and digital elevation data. We then used the algorithm to produce a daily cloud-free FSC product with a resolution of 500 m for regions in China. In addition, we produced a high-resolution FSC map using a Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) image as a true value to test the accuracy of the cloud-free FSC product developed in this study. The analysis results show that the daily cloud-free FSC product developed in this study can completely remove clouds and effectively improve the accuracy of snow area monitoring. Compared to the true value, the mean absolute error of our product is 0.20, and its root mean square error is 0.29. Thus, the synthesized product in this study can improve the accuracy of snow area monitoring, and the obtained snow area data can be used as reliable input parameters for hydrological and climate models. The land cover type and terrain factors are the main factors that limit the accuracy of the daily cloud-free FSC product developed in this study. These limitations can be further improved by improving the accuracy of the MODIS standard snow product for complicated underlying surfaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: MODIS; fractional snow cover product; cloud-removal algorithm; China MODIS; fractional snow cover product; cloud-removal algorithm; China
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Deng, J.; Huang, X.; Feng, Q.; Ma, X.; Liang, T. Toward Improved Daily Cloud-Free Fractional Snow Cover Mapping with Multi-Source Remote Sensing Data in China. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 6986-7006.

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