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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(5), 6414-6432; doi:10.3390/rs70506414

A New Algorithm of the FPAR Product in the Heihe River Basin Considering the Contributions of Direct and Diffuse Solar Radiation Separately

State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Joint Center for Global Change Studies (JCGCS), Beijing 100875, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Xin Li, Yuei-An Liou, Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 22 December 2014 / Accepted: 13 May 2015 / Published: 21 May 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [27755 KB, uploaded 21 May 2015]   |  


It remains a challenging issue to accurately estimate the fraction of absorbed photosynthetically-active radiation (FPAR) using remote sensing data, as the direct and diffuse radiation reaching the vegetation canopy have different effects for FPAR. In this research, a FPAR inversion model was developed that may distinguish direct and diffuse radiation (the DnD model) based on the energy budget balance principle. Taking different solar zenith angles and diffuse PAR proportions as inputs, the instantaneous FPAR could be calculated. As the leaf area index (LAI) and surface albedo do not vary in a short periods, the FPAR not only on a clear day, but also on a cloudy day may be calculated. This new method was used to produce the FPAR products in the Heihe River Basin with the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) LAI and surface albedo products as the input data source. The instantaneous FPAR was validated by using field-measured data (RMSE is 0.03, R2 is 0.85). The daily average FPAR was compared with the MODIS FPAR product. The inversion results and the MODIS FPAR product are highly correlated, but the MODIS FPAR product is slightly high in forest areas, which is in agreement with other studies for MODIS FPAR products. View Full-Text
Keywords: FPAR; direct radiation; diffuse radiation; radiative transfer model FPAR; direct radiation; diffuse radiation; radiative transfer model

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, L.; Du, Y.; Tang, Y.; Xin, X.; Zhang, H.; Wen, J.; Liu, Q. A New Algorithm of the FPAR Product in the Heihe River Basin Considering the Contributions of Direct and Diffuse Solar Radiation Separately. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 6414-6432.

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