Incorporation of Passive Microwave Brightness Temperatures in the ECMWF Soil Moisture Analysis
AbstractFor more than a decade, the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) has used in-situ observations of 2 m temperature and 2 m relative humidity to operationally constrain the temporal evolution of model soil moisture. These observations are not available everywhere and they are indirectly linked to the state of the surface, so under various circumstances, such as weak radiative forcing or strong advection, they cannot be used as a proxy for soil moisture reinitialization in numerical weather prediction. Recently, the ECMWF soil moisture analysis has been updated to be able to account for the information provided by microwave brightness temperatures from the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission of the European Space Agency (ESA). This is the first time that ECMWF uses direct information of the soil emission from passive microwave data to globally adjust the estimation of soil moisture by a land-surface model. This paper presents a novel version of the ECMWF Extended Kalman Filter soil moisture analysis to account for remotely sensed passive microwave data. It also discusses the advantages of assimilating direct satellite radiances compared to current soil moisture products, with a view to an operational implementation. A simple assimilation case study at global scale highlights the potential benefits and obstacles of using this new type of information in a global coupled land-atmospheric model. View Full-Text
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Muñoz-Sabater, J. Incorporation of Passive Microwave Brightness Temperatures in the ECMWF Soil Moisture Analysis. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 5758-5784.
Muñoz-Sabater J. Incorporation of Passive Microwave Brightness Temperatures in the ECMWF Soil Moisture Analysis. Remote Sensing. 2015; 7(5):5758-5784.Chicago/Turabian Style
Muñoz-Sabater, Joaquín. 2015. "Incorporation of Passive Microwave Brightness Temperatures in the ECMWF Soil Moisture Analysis." Remote Sens. 7, no. 5: 5758-5784.