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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(5), 5495-5510; doi:10.3390/rs70505495

Land Surface Albedo Estimation from Chinese HJ Satellite Data Based on the Direct Estimation Approach

1
Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
2
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ioannis Gitas and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 1 March 2015 / Revised: 14 April 2015 / Accepted: 22 April 2015 / Published: 4 May 2015
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Abstract

Monitoring surface albedo at medium-to-fine resolution (<100 m) has become increasingly important for medium-to-fine scale applications and coarse-resolution data evaluation. This paper presents a method for estimating surface albedo directly using top-of-atmosphere reflectance. This is the first attempt to derive surface albedo for both snow-free and snow-covered conditions from medium-resolution data with a single approach. We applied this method to the multispectral data from the wide-swath Chinese HuanJing (HJ) satellites at a spatial resolution of 30 m to demonstrate the feasibility of this data for surface albedo monitoring over rapidly changing surfaces. Validation against ground measurements shows that the method is capable of accurately estimating surface albedo over both snow-free and snow-covered surfaces with an overall root mean square error (RMSE) of 0.030 and r-square (R2) of 0.947. The comparison between HJ albedo estimates and the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectral Radiometer (MODIS) albedo product suggests that the HJ data and proposed algorithm can generate robust albedo estimates over various land cover types with an RMSE of 0.011–0.014. The accuracy of HJ albedo estimation improves with the increase in view zenith angles, which further demonstrates the unique advantage of wide-swath satellite data in albedo estimation. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface albedo; direct estimation; medium resolution; snow albedo; HJ data surface albedo; direct estimation; medium resolution; snow albedo; HJ data
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

He, T.; Liang, S.; Wang, D.; Chen, X.; Song, D.-X.; Jiang, B. Land Surface Albedo Estimation from Chinese HJ Satellite Data Based on the Direct Estimation Approach. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 5495-5510.

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