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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(4), 4726-4752;

A Quantitative Inspection on Spatio-Temporal Variation of Remote Sensing-Based Estimates of Land Surface Evapotranspiration in South Asia

†,* and
Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zhao-Liang Li, Jose A. Sobrino, Xiaoning Song, George P. Petropoulos and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 21 January 2015 / Revised: 25 March 2015 / Accepted: 13 April 2015 / Published: 17 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing)
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Evapotranspiration (ET) plays a key role in water resource management. It is important to understand the ET spatio-temporal pattern of South Asia for understanding and anticipating serious water resource shortages. In this study, daily ET in 2008 was estimated over South Asia by using MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) products combined with field observations and Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS) product through Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) model. Monthly ET data were calculated based on daily ET and evaluated by the GLDAS ET data. Good agreements were found between two datasets for winter months (October to February) with R2 from 0.5 to 0.7. Spatio-temporal analysis of ET was conducted. Ten specific sites with different land cover types at typical climate regions were selected to analyze the ET temporal change pattern, and the result indicated that the semi-arid or arid areas in the northwest had the lowest average daily ET (around 0.3 mm) with a big fluctuation in the monsoon season, while the sites in the Indo-Gangetic Plain and in southern India has bigger daily ET (more than 3 mm) due to a large water supplement. It is suggested that the monsoon climate has a large impact on ET spatio-temporal variation in the whole region. View Full-Text
Keywords: SEBS; MODIS; South Asia; evapotranspiration; spatio-temporal analysis SEBS; MODIS; South Asia; evapotranspiration; spatio-temporal analysis

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, A.; Zhao, W.; Deng, W. A Quantitative Inspection on Spatio-Temporal Variation of Remote Sensing-Based Estimates of Land Surface Evapotranspiration in South Asia. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 4726-4752.

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