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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(4), 4473-4498;

Forest Fire Smoke Detection Using Back-Propagation Neural Network Based on MODIS Data

State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Jinzhai 96, Hefei 2300027, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ioannis Gitas and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 14 December 2014 / Revised: 15 March 2015 / Accepted: 15 March 2015 / Published: 15 April 2015
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Satellite remote sensing provides global observations of the Earth’s surface and provides useful information for monitoring smoke plumes emitted from forest fires. The aim of this study is to automatically separate smoke plumes from the background by analyzing the MODIS data. An identification algorithm was improved based on the spectral analysis among the smoke, cloud and underlying surface. In order to get satisfactory results, a multi-threshold method is used for extracting training sample sets to train back-propagation neural network (BPNN) classification for merging the smoke detection algorithm. The MODIS data from three forest fires were used to develop the algorithm and get parameter values. These fires occurred in (i) China on 16 October 2004, (ii) Northeast Asia on 29 April 2009 and (iii) Russia on 29 July 2010 in different seasons. Then, the data from four other fires were used to validate the algorithm. Results indicated that the algorithm captured both thick smoke and thin dispersed smoke over land, as well as the mixed pixels of smoke over the ocean. These results could provide valuable information concerning forest fire location, fire spreading and so on. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoke plumes; fire detection; MODIS; multi-threshold; neural network smoke plumes; fire detection; MODIS; multi-threshold; neural network

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, X.; Song, W.; Lian, L.; Wei, X. Forest Fire Smoke Detection Using Back-Propagation Neural Network Based on MODIS Data. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 4473-4498.

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