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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(3), 2401-2430; doi:10.3390/rs70302401

Development of Decadal (1985–1995–2005) Land Use and Land Cover Database for India

1
University Center for Earth and Space Science, University of Hyderabad, Prof. C R Rao Road, P.O. Central University, Hyderabad 500046, India
2
Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, ISRO, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun 248001, India
3
Department of Natural Resources, TERI University, Plot No. 10 Institutional Area, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 110070, India
4
CDAC 3rd Floor, RMZ Westend Center 3, Westend IT Park, Nagras Road, Aundh, Pune 411007, India
5
National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad 500037, India
6
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721302, India
7
Departments of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 105 S South Gregory Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
8
Department of Botany, BHU, Varanasi 221005, India
9
CEPT University, Kasturbhai Lalbhai Campus, University Rd, Navrangpura, Ahmadabad, Gujarat 380009, India
10
SACI WATERS, B-87, 3rd Avenue, Sainikpuri, Secunderabad-500-094, Telangana, India
11
Anna University, Tirunelveli 627005, India
12
Anna University, Kotturpuram, Chennai 600025, India
13
Wildlife Institute of India, Chandrabani, Dehradun 248171, India
14
IIIT, Gachibouwli, Hyderabad 500032, India
15
SACON, Coimbatore 641108, India
16
RRSC-C, NRSC (ISRO), Amravati Road, Nagpur 440033, India
17
APSRAC, Chinthal Basthi, Hyderabad 500038, India
18
IRS Anna University, Chennai 600025, India
19
Dr. Harisingh Gour Central University, Sagar 470003, India
20
NERIST, National Highway 52A, Nirjuli, Arunachal Pradesh 791109, India
21
ORSAC, Plot No. 45/48, Jayadev Vihar, Bhubaneshwar 751023, India
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Chandra Giri and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 27 August 2014 / Revised: 30 January 2015 / Accepted: 6 February 2015 / Published: 27 February 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [33645 KB, uploaded 27 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

India has experienced significant Land-Use and Land-Cover Change (LULCC) over the past few decades. In this context, careful observation and mapping of LULCC using satellite data of high to medium spatial resolution is crucial for understanding the long-term usage patterns of natural resources and facilitating sustainable management to plan, monitor and evaluate development. The present study utilizes the satellite images to generate national level LULC maps at decadal intervals for 1985, 1995 and 2005 using onscreen visual interpretation techniques with minimum mapping unit of 2.5 hectares. These maps follow the classification scheme of the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme (IGBP) to ensure compatibility with other global/regional LULC datasets for comparison and integration. Our LULC maps with more than 90% overall accuracy highlight the changes prominent at regional level, i.e., loss of forest cover in central and northeast India, increase of cropland area in Western India, growth of peri-urban area, and relative increase in plantations. We also found spatial correlation between the cropping area and precipitation, which in turn confirms the monsoon dependent agriculture system in the country. On comparison with the existing global LULC products (GlobCover and MODIS), it can be concluded that our dataset has captured the maximum cumulative patch diversity frequency indicating the detailed representation that can be attributed to the on-screen visual interpretation technique. Comparisons with global LULC products (GlobCover and MODIS) show that our dataset captures maximum landscape diversity, which is partly attributable to the on-screen visual interpretation techniques. We advocate the utility of this database for national and regional studies on land dynamics and climate change research. The database would be updated to 2015 as a continuing effort of this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: remote sensing; land use; land cover; landscape; landsat; resourcesat; South Asia; climate change remote sensing; land use; land cover; landscape; landsat; resourcesat; South Asia; climate change
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Roy, P.S.; Roy, A.; Joshi, P.K.; Kale, M.P.; Srivastava, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Dwevidi, R.S.; Joshi, C.; Behera, M.D.; Meiyappan, P.; Sharma, Y.; Jain, A.K.; Singh, J.S.; Palchowdhuri, Y.; Ramachandran, R.M.; Pinjarla, B.; Chakravarthi, V.; Babu, N.; Gowsalya, M.S.; Thiruvengadam, P.; Kotteeswaran, M.; Priya, V.; Yelishetty, K.M.V.N.; Maithani, S.; Talukdar, G.; Mondal, I.; Rajan, K.S.; Narendra, P.S.; Biswal, S.; Chakraborty, A.; Padalia, H.; Chavan, M.; Pardeshi, S.N.; Chaudhari, S.A.; Anand, A.; Vyas, A.; Reddy, M.K.; Ramalingam, M.; Manonmani, R.; Behera, P.; Das, P.; Tripathi, P.; Matin, S.; Khan, M.L.; Tripathi, O.P.; Deka, J.; Kumar, P.; Kushwaha, D. Development of Decadal (1985–1995–2005) Land Use and Land Cover Database for India. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 2401-2430.

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