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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(10), 13070-13097; doi:10.3390/rs71013070

Assessment and Calibration of a RGB-D Camera (Kinect v2 Sensor) Towards a Potential Use for Close-Range 3D Modeling

ICube Laboratory UMR 7357, Photogrammetry and Geomatics Group, National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA Strasbourg), 24, Boulevard de la Victoire, 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France
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Academic Editors: Diego Gonzalez-Aguilera, Devrim Akca, Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 30 June 2015 / Revised: 9 September 2015 / Accepted: 23 September 2015 / Published: 1 October 2015
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Abstract

In the last decade, RGB-D cameras - also called range imaging cameras - have known a permanent evolution. Because of their limited cost and their ability to measure distances at a high frame rate, such sensors are especially appreciated for applications in robotics or computer vision. The Kinect v1 (Microsoft) release in November 2010 promoted the use of RGB-D cameras, so that a second version of the sensor arrived on the market in July 2014. Since it is possible to obtain point clouds of an observed scene with a high frequency, one could imagine applying this type of sensors to answer to the need for 3D acquisition. However, due to the technology involved, some questions have to be considered such as, for example, the suitability and accuracy of RGB-D cameras for close range 3D modeling. In that way, the quality of the acquired data represents a major axis. In this paper, the use of a recent Kinect v2 sensor to reconstruct small objects in three dimensions has been investigated. To achieve this goal, a survey of the sensor characteristics as well as a calibration approach are relevant. After an accuracy assessment of the produced models, the benefits and drawbacks of Kinect v2 compared to the first version of the sensor and then to photogrammetry are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: RGB-D camera; Kinect v2; computer vision; calibration; 3D modeling; accuracy assessment RGB-D camera; Kinect v2; computer vision; calibration; 3D modeling; accuracy assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lachat, E.; Macher, H.; Landes, T.; Grussenmeyer, P. Assessment and Calibration of a RGB-D Camera (Kinect v2 Sensor) Towards a Potential Use for Close-Range 3D Modeling. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 13070-13097.

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