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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(10), 12635-12653; doi:10.3390/rs71012635

Sentinel-2 for Mapping Iron Absorption Feature Parameters

Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente, Drienerlolaan 5,7522 NB, Enschede, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: James Jin-King Liu, Lenio Soares Galvao, Nicolas Baghdadi and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 12 August 2015 / Revised: 9 September 2015 / Accepted: 9 September 2015 / Published: 25 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing in Geology)
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Abstract

Iron is an indicator for soil fertility and the usability of an area for cultivating crops. Remote sensing is the only suitable tool for surveying large areas at a high temporal and spatial interval, yet a relative high spectral resolution is needed for mapping iron contents with reflectance data. Sentinel-2 has several bands that cover the 0.9 μm iron absorption feature, while space-borne sensors traditionally used for geologic remote sensing, like ASTER and Landsat, had only one band in this feature. In this paper, we introduce a curve-fitting technique for Sentinel-2 that approximates the iron absorption feature at a hyperspectral resolution. We test our technique on library spectra of different iron bearing minerals and we apply it to a Sentinel-2 image synthesized from an airborne hyperspectral dataset. Our method finds the wavelength position of maximum absorption and absolute absorption depth for minerals Beryl, Bronzite, Goethite, Jarosite and Hematite. Sentinel-2 offers information on the 0.9 μm absorption feature that until now was reserved for hyperspectral instruments. Being a satellite mission, this information comes at a lower spatial resolution than airborne hyperspectral data, but with a large spatial coverage and frequent revisit time. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sentinel-2; Hymap; iron absorption feature; mineralogy; soils; hyperspectral; Cabo de Gata Sentinel-2; Hymap; iron absorption feature; mineralogy; soils; hyperspectral; Cabo de Gata
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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van der Werff, H.; van der Meer, F. Sentinel-2 for Mapping Iron Absorption Feature Parameters. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 12635-12653.

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