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Remote Sens. 2014, 6(9), 8002-8025; doi:10.3390/rs6098002

Analysis and Assessment of the Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Burned Areas in the Amazon Forest

1
Remote Sensing Division (DSR), National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Av. dos Astronautas, 1758, Jd. Granja, CEP: 12227-010, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil
2
Department of GeoScience (DEGEO), Federal University of Sao Joao del Rei (UFSJ), Av. Visconde do Rio Preto, s/n, Colônia do Bengo, CEP: 36301-360, Sao Joao del Rei, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 February 2014 / Revised: 16 July 2014 / Accepted: 16 July 2014 / Published: 26 August 2014
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Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze the spatial and temporal distribution of burned areas in Rondônia State, Brazil during the years 2000 to 2011 and evaluate the burned area maps. A Linear Spectral Mixture Model (LSMM) was applied to MODIS surface reflectance images to originate the burned areas maps, which were validated with TM/Landsat 5 and ETM+/Landsat 7 images and field data acquired in August 2013. The validation presented a correlation ranging from 67% to 96% with an average value of 86%. The lower correlation values are related to the distinct spatial resolutions of the MODIS and TM/ETM+ sensors because small burn scars are not detected in MODIS images and higher spatial correlations are related to the presence of large fires, which are better identified in MODIS, increasing the accuracy of the mapping methodology. In addition, the 12-year burned area maps of Rondônia indicate that fires, as a general pattern, occur in areas that have already been converted to some land use, such as vegetal extraction, large animal livestock areas or diversified permanent crops. Furthermore, during the analyzed period, land use conversion associated with climatic events significantly influenced the occurrence of fire in Rondônia and amplified its impacts. View Full-Text
Keywords: burned areas; land use; Amazon Rainforest; Linear Spectral Mixture Model; deforestation burned areas; land use; Amazon Rainforest; Linear Spectral Mixture Model; deforestation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cardozo, F.S.; Pereira, G.; Shimabukuro, Y.E.; Moraes, E.C. Analysis and Assessment of the Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Burned Areas in the Amazon Forest. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 8002-8025.

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