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Remote Sens. 2014, 6(6), 5368-5386; doi:10.3390/rs6065368

Remote Sensing Estimates of Grassland Aboveground Biomass Based on MODIS Net Primary Productivity (NPP): A Case Study in the Xilingol Grassland of Northern China

1
Key Laboratory of Agri-Informatics of Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, China Academy of Agriculture Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
2
College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, An Hui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 April 2014 / Revised: 28 May 2014 / Accepted: 3 June 2014 / Published: 10 June 2014
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Abstract

The precise and rapid estimation of grassland biomass is an important scientific issue in grassland ecosystem research. In this study, based on a field survey of 1205 sites together with biomass data of the Xilingol grassland for the years 2005–2012 and the “accumulated” MODIS productivity starting from the beginning of growing season, we built regression models to estimate the aboveground biomass of the Xilingol grassland during the growing season, then further analyzed the overall condition of the grassland and the spatial and temporal distribution of the aboveground biomass. The results are summarized as follows: (1) The unitary linear model based on the field survey data and “accumulated” MODIS productivity data is the optimum model for estimating the aboveground biomass of the Xilingol grassland during the growing period, with the model accuracy reaching 69%; (2) The average aboveground biomass in the Xilingol grassland for the years 2005–2012 was estimated to be 14.35 Tg, and the average aboveground biomass density was estimated to be 71.32 g∙m2; (3) The overall variation in the aboveground biomass showed a decreasing trend from the eastern meadow grassland to the western desert grassland; (4) There were obvious fluctuations in the aboveground biomass of the Xilingol grassland for the years 2005–2012, ranging from 10.56–17.54 Tg. Additionally, several differences in the interannual changes in aboveground biomass were observed among the various types of grassland. Large variations occurred in the temperate meadow-steppe and the typical grassland; whereas there was little change in the temperate desert-steppe and temperate steppe-desert. View Full-Text
Keywords: Xilingol; grassland; remote sensing; MOD17A2; aboveground biomass Xilingol; grassland; remote sensing; MOD17A2; aboveground biomass
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, F.; Xu, B.; Yang, X.; Jin, Y.; Li, J.; Xia, L.; Chen, S.; Ma, H. Remote Sensing Estimates of Grassland Aboveground Biomass Based on MODIS Net Primary Productivity (NPP): A Case Study in the Xilingol Grassland of Northern China. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 5368-5386.

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