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Remote Sens. 2014, 6(4), 3075-3100; doi:10.3390/rs6043075

The Use of Airborne and Mobile Laser Scanning for Modeling Railway Environments in 3D

Finnish Geodetic Institute, P.O. Box 15, FI-02431 Masala, Finland
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Received: 7 February 2014 / Revised: 10 March 2014 / Accepted: 24 March 2014 / Published: 4 April 2014
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Abstract

This paper presents methods for 3D modeling of railway environments from airborne laser scanning (ALS) and mobile laser scanning (MLS). Conventionally, aerial data such as ALS and aerial images were utilized for 3D model reconstruction. However, 3D model reconstruction only from aerial-view datasets can not meet the requirement of advanced visualization (e.g., walk-through visualization). In this paper, objects in a railway environment such as the ground, railroads, buildings, high voltage powerlines, pylons and so on were reconstructed and visualized in real-life experiments in Kokemaki, Finland. Because of the complex terrain and scenes in railway environments, 3D modeling is challenging, especially for high resolution walk-through visualizations. However, MLS has flexible platforms and provides the possibility of acquiring data in a complex environment in high detail by combining with ALS data to produce complete 3D scene modeling. A procedure from point cloud classification to 3D reconstruction and 3D visualization is introduced, and new solutions are proposed for object extraction, 3D reconstruction, model simplification and final model 3D visualization. Image processing technology is used for the classification, 3D randomized Hough transformations (RHT) are used for the planar detection, and a quadtree approach is used for the ground model simplification. The results are visually analyzed by a comparison with an orthophoto at a 20 cm ground resolution. View Full-Text
Keywords: airborne laser scanning; mobile laser scanning; railway environment modeling; building modeling; building reconstruction; 3D building model; powerline modeling; ground model simplification airborne laser scanning; mobile laser scanning; railway environment modeling; building modeling; building reconstruction; 3D building model; powerline modeling; ground model simplification
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, L.; Hyyppa, J. The Use of Airborne and Mobile Laser Scanning for Modeling Railway Environments in 3D. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 3075-3100.

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