Remote Sens. 2014, 6(4), 2864-2883; doi:10.3390/rs6042864
Article

Assessment of Coarse-Resolution Land Cover Products Using CASI Hyperspectral Data in an Arid Zone in Northwestern China

1,2email and 1,* email
Received: 12 December 2013; in revised form: 20 March 2014 / Accepted: 24 March 2014 / Published: 28 March 2014
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Abstract: The accuracy of different coarse-resolution land cover products is an important consideration for product users at the regional or global scale, and different evaluation methods inevitably result in discrepancies in accuracy for the same land cover product. The remote sensing community has responded to this increased interest by improving methodologies for more accurately evaluating the correctness of land cover information. In this study, a pixel-based hierarchical classification strategy followed by an object-based classification method was applied to compact airborne spectrographic imager (CASI) hyperspectral data in order to produce highly accurate, high spatial resolution classification reference data. Some aspects of the fuzzy/conventional evaluation of MODIS land cover (MODISLC) (500 m) and GlobCover (300 m) data based on sub-pixel class fractions derived from high spatial resolution reference data at different thematic resolutions are also discussed. Relationships between homogeneity and fuzzy accuracy for two land cover products were obtained at different thematic resolutions. Additionally, the influences on the relationship resulting from the thematic resolution were also studied, and these are reported in this paper. Attempts were made to establish fuzzy/conventional evaluation rules for fuzzy classes, and the different performances of the fuzzy and conventional evaluations for hard/fuzzy labels were compared. The adjusted GlobCover accuracy after theoretical removal of the effect caused by spatial resolution was calculated based on the relationship between homogeneity and accuracy; the result was a higher accuracy than for MODISLC at the same thematic resolution. In addition, the different performance characteristics of the relationships between homogeneity and adjusted GlobCover accuracy/MODISLC accuracy at different thematic resolutions were compared and analyzed over the area where the CASI transects were obtained.
Keywords: MODISLC; GlobCover; fuzz evaluation; conventional evaluation; CASI hyperspectral data; homogeneity; thematic resolution
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Z.; Liu, L. Assessment of Coarse-Resolution Land Cover Products Using CASI Hyperspectral Data in an Arid Zone in Northwestern China. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 2864-2883.

AMA Style

Wang Z, Liu L. Assessment of Coarse-Resolution Land Cover Products Using CASI Hyperspectral Data in an Arid Zone in Northwestern China. Remote Sensing. 2014; 6(4):2864-2883.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Zhihui; Liu, Liangyun. 2014. "Assessment of Coarse-Resolution Land Cover Products Using CASI Hyperspectral Data in an Arid Zone in Northwestern China." Remote Sens. 6, no. 4: 2864-2883.


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