Object-Based Analysis of Airborne LiDAR Data for Building Change Detection
AbstractBuilding change detection is useful for land management, disaster assessment, illegal building identification, urban growth monitoring, and geographic information database updating. This study proposes an automatic method that applies object-based analysis to multi-temporal point cloud data to detect building changes. The aim of this building change detection method is to identify areas that have changed and to obtain from-to information. In this method, the data are first preprocessed to generate two sets of digital surface models (DSMs), digital elevation models, and normalized DSMs from registered old and new point cloud data. Thereafter, on the basis of differential DSM, candidates for changed building objects are identified from the points in the smooth areas by using a connected component analysis technique. The random sample consensus fitting algorithm is then used to distinguish the true changed buildings from trees. The changed building objects are classified as “newly built”, “taller”, “demolished” or “lower” by using rule-based analysis. Finally, a test data set consisting of many buildings of different types in an 8.5 km2 area is selected for the experiment. In the test data set, the method correctly detects 97.8% of buildings larger than 50 m2. The accuracy of the method is 91.2%. Furthermore, to decrease the workload of subsequent manual checking of the result, the confidence index for each changed object is computed on the basis of object features. View Full-Text
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Pang, S.; Hu, X.; Wang, Z.; Lu, Y. Object-Based Analysis of Airborne LiDAR Data for Building Change Detection. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 10733-10749.
Pang S, Hu X, Wang Z, Lu Y. Object-Based Analysis of Airborne LiDAR Data for Building Change Detection. Remote Sensing. 2014; 6(11):10733-10749.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pang, Shiyan; Hu, Xiangyun; Wang, Zizheng; Lu, Yihui. 2014. "Object-Based Analysis of Airborne LiDAR Data for Building Change Detection." Remote Sens. 6, no. 11: 10733-10749.