Abstract: This study evaluates the performances of three global satellite datasets (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Satellite pour l’ observation de la Terre (SPOT) of the Mongolian Plateau, where in situ observation is insufficient to assess vegetation dynamics on terrestrial systems. We give a comprehensive assessment of the historical changes in vegetation dynamics by using comparative and correlation methods on the three archives using two indices: the growing season’s Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the Start of the Season Index (SOS). The main findings are: (1) MODIS and SPOT have generally better comparability and consistency in the spatial-temporal trends of NDVI and SOS than AVHRR in this area; (2) all the three archives exhibit better consistency in Inner Mongolia than in Mongolia; (3) integration data analysis of AVHRR (1982–1997) and SPOT (1998–2012) shows that the dynamics of vegetation growth has three distinct phases: enhanced before 1994; a flatter/slightly decreasing trend before 2001; and, then, a rapid recovery between 2001 and 2012 with remarkable spatial heterogeneity, with Inner Mongolia experiencing a significant greening in vegetation NDVI compared with no obvious changes in Mongolia; (4) the temporal average SOS showed no significant “earlier spring” onset during the past 31 years, on the middle and northern Mongolian Plateau.
Keywords: phenology; global NDVI product; climate factors; Mongolian Plateau
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Miao, L.; Luan, Y.; Luo, X.; Liu, Q.; Moore, J.C.; Nath, R.; He, B.; Zhu, F.; Cui, X. Analysis of the Phenology in the Mongolian Plateau by Inter-Comparison of Global Vegetation Datasets. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 5193-5208.
Miao L, Luan Y, Luo X, Liu Q, Moore JC, Nath R, He B, Zhu F, Cui X. Analysis of the Phenology in the Mongolian Plateau by Inter-Comparison of Global Vegetation Datasets. Remote Sensing. 2013; 5(10):5193-5208.
Miao, Lijuan; Luan, Yibo; Luo, Xiangzhong; Liu, Qiang; Moore, John C.; Nath, Reshmita; He, Bin; Zhu, Feng; Cui, Xuefeng. 2013. "Analysis of the Phenology in the Mongolian Plateau by Inter-Comparison of Global Vegetation Datasets." Remote Sens. 5, no. 10: 5193-5208.