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Remote Sensing-Based Characterization of Settlement Structures for Assessing Local Potential of District Heat
German Remote Sensing Data Center, German Aerospace Center (DLR), 82234 Weßling-Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
Department of Remote Sensing, Institute of Geography, Julius-Maximilians University Würzburg, 97074 Würzburg, Germany
Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, German Aerospace Center (DLR), 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
Z_GIS Centre for Geoinformatics and Department for Geography and Geology, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunner Street 34, A-5020 Salzburg, Austria
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 May 2011; in revised form: 28 June 2011 / Accepted: 30 June 2011 / Published: 8 July 2011
Abstract: In Europe, heating of houses and commercial areas is one of the major contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. When considering the drastic impact of an increasing emission of greenhouse gases as well as the finiteness of fossil resources, the usage of efficient and renewable energy generation technologies has to be increased. In this context, small-scale heating networks are an important technical component, which enable the efficient and sustainable usage of various heat generation technologies. This paper investigates how the potential of district heating for different settlement structures can be assessed. In particular, we analyze in which way remote sensing and GIS data can assist the planning of optimized heat allocation systems. In order to identify the best suited locations, a spatial model is defined to assess the potential for small district heating networks. Within the spatial model, the local heat demand and the economic costs of the necessary heat allocation infrastructure are compared. Therefore, a first and major step is the detailed characterization of the settlement structure by means of remote sensing data. The method is developed on the basis of a test area in the town of Oberhaching in the South of Germany. The results are validated through detailed in situ data sets and demonstrate that the model facilitates both the calculation of the required input parameters and an accurate assessment of the district heating potential. The described method can be transferred to other investigation areas with a larger spatial extent. The study underlines the range of applications for remote sensing-based analyses with respect to energy-related planning issues.
Keywords: renewable energy systems; heat demand; small-scale heating networks; very high and medium geometric resolution, multisensory remote sensing data
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Geiß, C.; Taubenböck, H.; Wurm, M.; Esch, T.; Nast, M.; Schillings, C.; Blaschke, T. Remote Sensing-Based Characterization of Settlement Structures for Assessing Local Potential of District Heat. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 1447-1471.
Geiß C, Taubenböck H, Wurm M, Esch T, Nast M, Schillings C, Blaschke T. Remote Sensing-Based Characterization of Settlement Structures for Assessing Local Potential of District Heat. Remote Sensing. 2011; 3(7):1447-1471.
Geiß, Christian; Taubenböck, Hannes; Wurm, Michael; Esch, Thomas; Nast, Michael; Schillings, Christoph; Blaschke, Thomas. 2011. "Remote Sensing-Based Characterization of Settlement Structures for Assessing Local Potential of District Heat." Remote Sens. 3, no. 7: 1447-1471.