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Camera-Variant Calibration and Sensor Modeling for Practical Photogrammetry in Archeological Sites
Marketing Research & Proposal Division, Aero Asahi Corporation, 3-1-1, Minamidai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-1165, Japan
Division of Architectural, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tokyo Denki University, Ishizaka, Hatoyama, Saitama 350-0394, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 January 2011; in revised form: 1 March 2011 / Accepted: 2 March 2011 / Published: 14 March 2011
Abstract: With the appearance of low-cost and high-resolution consumer-grade digital cameras, a practical three-dimensional (3D) measurement system using a consumer-grade digital camera is greatly anticipated in various fields. In these circumstances, the authors have been concentrating on developing a practical 3D measurement system that includes photogrammetric software called the Image Based Integrated Measurement (IBIM) system. The IBIM system device consists of full/half-mirrors, a consumer-grade digital camera, and a laser distance meter. The most remarkable advantage of the system is its ability to calculate exterior orientation parameters, interior orientation parameters, and pseudo ground control points (GCPs) without using scale bars or the GCPs in the object field. The system has the ability to calibrate multiple cameras of different resolutions using a camera-variant parameter set. However, there remains one issue that needs to be resolved before this system can be effectively used, namely, improvement of the system which does not depend on the IBIM system device. With this motive, a practical photogrammetry method using a consumer-grade digital cameras and a hand-held laser distance meter is proposed. To test our proposed method, the bundle of distances from the center camera position to the feature points in the object field were measured individually at archaeological sites in Greece. In order to evaluate the possibility and practicability of the proposed photogrammetry method, this paper describes and evaluates the camera calibration techniques using images from multiple cameras of different resolutions and a bundle of distances.
Keywords: practical photogrammetry; consumer-grade digital camera; hand-held laser distance meter; camera-variant parameter set
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Nakano, K.; Chikatsu, H. Camera-Variant Calibration and Sensor Modeling for Practical Photogrammetry in Archeological Sites. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 554-569.
Nakano K, Chikatsu H. Camera-Variant Calibration and Sensor Modeling for Practical Photogrammetry in Archeological Sites. Remote Sensing. 2011; 3(3):554-569.
Nakano, Kazuya; Chikatsu, Hirofumi. 2011. "Camera-Variant Calibration and Sensor Modeling for Practical Photogrammetry in Archeological Sites." Remote Sens. 3, no. 3: 554-569.