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Remote Sens. 2011, 3(3), 554-569; doi:10.3390/rs3030554
Article

Camera-Variant Calibration and Sensor Modeling for Practical Photogrammetry in Archeological Sites

1,2,*  and 2
Received: 13 January 2011; in revised form: 1 March 2011 / Accepted: 2 March 2011 / Published: 14 March 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing in Natural and Cultural Heritage)
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Abstract: With the appearance of low-cost and high-resolution consumer-grade digital cameras, a practical three-dimensional (3D) measurement system using a consumer-grade digital camera is greatly anticipated in various fields. In these circumstances, the authors have been concentrating on developing a practical 3D measurement system that includes photogrammetric software called the Image Based Integrated Measurement (IBIM) system. The IBIM system device consists of full/half-mirrors, a consumer-grade digital camera, and a laser distance meter. The most remarkable advantage of the system is its ability to calculate exterior orientation parameters, interior orientation parameters, and pseudo ground control points (GCPs) without using scale bars or the GCPs in the object field. The system has the ability to calibrate multiple cameras of different resolutions using a camera-variant parameter set. However, there remains one issue that needs to be resolved before this system can be effectively used, namely, improvement of the system which does not depend on the IBIM system device. With this motive, a practical photogrammetry method using a consumer-grade digital cameras and a hand-held laser distance meter is proposed. To test our proposed method, the bundle of distances from the center camera position to the feature points in the object field were measured individually at archaeological sites in Greece. In order to evaluate the possibility and practicability of the proposed photogrammetry method, this paper describes and evaluates the camera calibration techniques using images from multiple cameras of different resolutions and a bundle of distances.
Keywords: practical photogrammetry; consumer-grade digital camera; hand-held laser distance meter; camera-variant parameter set practical photogrammetry; consumer-grade digital camera; hand-held laser distance meter; camera-variant parameter set
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nakano, K.; Chikatsu, H. Camera-Variant Calibration and Sensor Modeling for Practical Photogrammetry in Archeological Sites. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 554-569.

AMA Style

Nakano K, Chikatsu H. Camera-Variant Calibration and Sensor Modeling for Practical Photogrammetry in Archeological Sites. Remote Sensing. 2011; 3(3):554-569.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nakano, Kazuya; Chikatsu, Hirofumi. 2011. "Camera-Variant Calibration and Sensor Modeling for Practical Photogrammetry in Archeological Sites." Remote Sens. 3, no. 3: 554-569.


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