Remote Sens. 2011, 3(10), 2207-2221; doi:10.3390/rs3102207
Article

Analysis of Incidence Angle and Distance Effects on Terrestrial Laser Scanner Intensity: Search for Correction Methods

Received: 23 August 2011; in revised form: 3 October 2011 / Accepted: 12 October 2011 / Published: 20 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Terrestrial Laser Scanning)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The intensity information from terrestrial laser scanners (TLS) has become an important object of study in recent years, and there are an increasing number of applications that would benefit from the addition of calibrated intensity data to the topographic information. In this paper, we study the range and incidence angle effects on the intensity measurements and search for practical correction methods for different TLS instruments and targets. We find that the range (distance) effect is strongly dominated by instrumental factors, whereas the incidence angle effect is mainly caused by the target surface properties. Correction for both effects is possible, but more studies are needed for physical interpretation and more efficient use of intensity data for target characterization.
Keywords: terrestrial laser scanning; intensity; radiometric calibration; incidence angle
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [526 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014 00:09 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Kaasalainen, S.; Jaakkola, A.; Kaasalainen, M.; Krooks, A.; Kukko, A. Analysis of Incidence Angle and Distance Effects on Terrestrial Laser Scanner Intensity: Search for Correction Methods. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 2207-2221.

AMA Style

Kaasalainen S, Jaakkola A, Kaasalainen M, Krooks A, Kukko A. Analysis of Incidence Angle and Distance Effects on Terrestrial Laser Scanner Intensity: Search for Correction Methods. Remote Sensing. 2011; 3(10):2207-2221.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kaasalainen, Sanna; Jaakkola, Anttoni; Kaasalainen, Mikko; Krooks, Anssi; Kukko, Antero. 2011. "Analysis of Incidence Angle and Distance Effects on Terrestrial Laser Scanner Intensity: Search for Correction Methods." Remote Sens. 3, no. 10: 2207-2221.

Remote Sens. EISSN 2072-4292 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert