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On the Exportability of Robust Satellite Techniques (RST) for Active Volcano Monitoring
Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis – CNR, Contrada S.Loja 85050 Tito Scalo (Pz), Italy
Department of Engineering and Physic of the Environment – University of Basilicata, Via dell’Ateneo Lucano 10, 85100, Potenza, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 April 2010; in revised form: 27 May 2010 / Accepted: 8 June 2010 / Published: 17 June 2010
Abstract: Satellite remote sensing has increasingly become a crucial tool for volcanic activity monitoring thanks to continuous observations at global scale, provided with different spatial/spectral/temporal resolutions, on the base of specific satellite platforms, and at relatively low costs. Among the satellite techniques developed for volcanic activity monitoring, the RST (Robust Satellite Techniques) approach has shown high performances in detecting hot spots as well as in automatically identifying ash plumes, effectively discriminating them from weather clouds. This method, based on an extensive, multi-temporal analysis of long-term time series of homogeneous satellite records, has recently been implemented on EOS-MODIS and MSG-SEVIRI data for which further performance improvements are expected. These satellite systems, in fact, offer improved spectral and/or temporal resolutions. In this paper, some preliminarily results of these analyses are presented, both regarding hot spot identification and ash cloud detection and tracking. The potential of RST, to be used within early warning systems devoted to volcanic hazard monitoring and mitigation, will also be discussed.
Keywords: RST; ash plume; hot spot detection; MODIS; SEVIRI
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Marchese, F.; Ciampa, M.; Filizzola, C.; Lacava, T.; Mazzeo, G.; Pergola, N.; Tramutoli, V. On the Exportability of Robust Satellite Techniques (RST) for Active Volcano Monitoring. Remote Sens. 2010, 2, 1575-1588.
Marchese F, Ciampa M, Filizzola C, Lacava T, Mazzeo G, Pergola N, Tramutoli V. On the Exportability of Robust Satellite Techniques (RST) for Active Volcano Monitoring. Remote Sensing. 2010; 2(6):1575-1588.
Marchese, Francesco; Ciampa, Maurizio; Filizzola, Carolina; Lacava, Teodosio; Mazzeo, Giuseppe; Pergola, Nicola; Tramutoli, Valerio. 2010. "On the Exportability of Robust Satellite Techniques (RST) for Active Volcano Monitoring." Remote Sens. 2, no. 6: 1575-1588.