Remote Sens. 2010, 2(1), 278-289; doi:10.3390/rs2010278
Article

Spatial Enhancement of MODIS-based Images of Leaf Area Index: Application to the Boreal Forest Region of Northern Alberta, Canada

1 Department of Geomatics Engineering, Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr. NW Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, Canada 2 Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management, University of New Brunswick, P.O. Box 44555, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 6C2, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 November 2009; in revised form: 4 January 2010 / Accepted: 5 January 2010 / Published: 8 January 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Status and Change by Remote Sensing)
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Abstract: Leaf area index (LAI) is one of the most commonly used ecological variables in describing forests. Since 2000, 1-km resolution Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)-based 8-day composites of LAI have been operationally available from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA, at no cost to the user. In this paper, we present a simple protocol to enhance the spatial resolution of NASA-produced LAI composites to 250-m resolution. This is done by fusing MODIS-based estimates of enhanced vegetation index (EVI), consisting of 16-day 250-m resolution composites (also from NASA), with estimates of LAI. We apply the protocol to derive 250-m resolution maps of LAI for the boreal forest region of northern Alberta, Canada. Data fusion was possible in this study because of the inherent linear correlation that exists between EVI and LAI for the April to October growing period of 2005–2008, producing r2-values of 0.85–0.95 and p-values < 0.0001. Comparison of MODIS-based LAI with field-based measurements using the Tracing Radiation and Architecture of Canopies (TRAC) sensor and LAI-2000 Plant Canopy Analyzer showed reasonable agreement across values; statistical comparison of LAI data points produced an r2-value of 0.71 and a p-value < 0.0001. Seventy one percent of MODIS-based LAI were within ±20% of field estimates.
Keywords: boreal forest; data fusion; enhanced vegetation index; leaf area index; MODIS

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hassan, Q.K.; Bourque, C.P.-A. Spatial Enhancement of MODIS-based Images of Leaf Area Index: Application to the Boreal Forest Region of Northern Alberta, Canada. Remote Sens. 2010, 2, 278-289.

AMA Style

Hassan QK, Bourque CP-A. Spatial Enhancement of MODIS-based Images of Leaf Area Index: Application to the Boreal Forest Region of Northern Alberta, Canada. Remote Sensing. 2010; 2(1):278-289.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hassan, Quazi K.; Bourque, Charles P.-A. 2010. "Spatial Enhancement of MODIS-based Images of Leaf Area Index: Application to the Boreal Forest Region of Northern Alberta, Canada." Remote Sens. 2, no. 1: 278-289.

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