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Remote Sens. 2009, 1(4), 697-730; doi:10.3390/rs1040697
Review

Sun Glint Correction of High and Low Spatial Resolution Images of Aquatic Scenes: a Review of Methods for Visible and Near-Infrared Wavelengths

1,* , 1
 and
2,3
Received: 4 August 2009 / Revised: 1 September 2009 / Accepted: 21 September 2009 / Published: 12 October 2009
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Abstract

Sun glint, the specular reflection of light from water surfaces, is a serious confounding factor for remote sensing of water column properties and benthos. This paper reviews current techniques to estimate and remove the glint radiance component from imagery. Methods for processing of ocean color images use statistical sea surface models to predict the glint from the sun and sensor positions and wind data. Methods for higher resolution imaging, used in coastal and shallow water mapping, estimate the glint radiance from the near-infrared signal. The effects of some current methods are demonstrated and possibilities for future techniques are briefly addressed.
Keywords: sun glint; sun glitter; ocean color; coral reef; bathymetry; shallow water sun glint; sun glitter; ocean color; coral reef; bathymetry; shallow water
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Kay, S.; Hedley, J.D.; Lavender, S. Sun Glint Correction of High and Low Spatial Resolution Images of Aquatic Scenes: a Review of Methods for Visible and Near-Infrared Wavelengths. Remote Sens. 2009, 1, 697-730.

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