Next Article in Journal
China’s Tree Residue Sources and Quantity Estimation
Previous Article in Journal
Differences of Cycling Experiences and Perceptions between E-Bike and Bicycle Users in the United States
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1664; doi:10.3390/su9091664

The Total-Factor Energy Efficiency of Regions in China: Based on Three-Stage SBM Model

Huifeng Business School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, China
Department of Economics, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 August 2017 / Revised: 13 September 2017 / Accepted: 18 September 2017 / Published: 19 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2037 KB, uploaded 20 September 2017]   |  


This paper constructs a three-stage Slacks-Based Measure (SBM) model to evaluate and analyze the total-factor energy efficiency (TFEE) of 276 cities in China during the period of 2000–2012 from the management and environment dual perspectives according to the principles of multi-stage Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model. In the first stage, a SBM-DEA model is applied to assess TFEE scores to illustrate the effects of the energy factors, while considering the undesirable output. In the second stage, we adjust the original data, and then in the third stage, we use SBM model again to get efficiency evaluation and obtain pure management efficiency of every decision unit. The results show that Chinese TFEE is still low and energy saving potential can be up to 34–46%, showing an inverted “U” shape tendency and characteristic of regional imbalance. Based on these findings, we further put forward some paths and strategies to improve Chinese energy efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: three-stage SBM model; energy; spatial spillover; imbalance; efficiency three-stage SBM model; energy; spatial spillover; imbalance; efficiency

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, H.; Wang, T. The Total-Factor Energy Efficiency of Regions in China: Based on Three-Stage SBM Model. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1664.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top