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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1662; doi:10.3390/su9091662

Differences of Cycling Experiences and Perceptions between E-Bike and Bicycle Users in the United States

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Tennessee, 311 John D. Tickle Building, Knoxville, TN 37996-2313, USA
Transportation Research and Education Center, Portland State University, 1900 SW 4th Ave., Portland, OR 97201, USA
Bosch eBike Systems Americas, 12 Mauchly Unit E., Irvine, CA 92618, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 August 2017 / Revised: 1 September 2017 / Accepted: 14 September 2017 / Published: 19 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in an Urbanizing World: The Role of People)
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E-bikes are bicycles that provide pedal-assistance to aid people in cycling. Because of the potential of promoting sustainable transportation, more attention has been focused on the e-bike market. This paper investigates the differences of the cycling experience and perceptions between e-bike and conventional bicycle users, using samples drawn from independent bicycle dealer customers. A total of 806 respondents in the United States took the on-line survey, including 363 e-bike-owning respondents. The results show that e-bikes play a more important role in utilitarian travel, such as commuting and running errands, compared to a conventional bicycle. Conventional bicycle-owning respondents use their bicycles more for recreation and exercise. Also, e-bike owners tend to bike longer distances and take more trips per week. Both e-bike respondents and bicycle respondents stated that improved health was a key factor for cycling, while Millennials and Generation X respondents cycle to save time and improve the environment. Finally, an ordered logit model is proposed for evaluating factors that influence interest in future e-bike ownership. Travel purpose, e-bike familiarity, annual household income, and education level are statistically significant factors in the model. These findings begin to provide insight and a profile of potential new markets for e-bikes in the United States. View Full-Text
Keywords: e-bike; conventional bicycle; difference; cycling experience and perception; online survey e-bike; conventional bicycle; difference; cycling experience and perception; online survey

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ling, Z.; Cherry, C.R.; MacArthur, J.H.; Weinert, J.X. Differences of Cycling Experiences and Perceptions between E-Bike and Bicycle Users in the United States. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1662.

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