Next Article in Journal
Gap Analysis Based Decision Support Methodology to Improve Level of Service of Water Services
Previous Article in Journal
Participatory Sustainability Assessment for Sugarcane Expansion in Goiás, Brazil
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1574; doi:10.3390/su9091574

Do External or Internal Technology Spillovers Have a Stronger Influence on Innovation Efficiency in China?

Institute for Innovation and Strategic Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 August 2017 / Revised: 1 September 2017 / Accepted: 1 September 2017 / Published: 5 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [859 KB, uploaded 5 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

In this study, we bridge an important gap in the literature by comparing the extent to which external technology spillovers, as indicated by foreign direct investment (FDI), and internal technology spillovers, as indicated by university-institute-industry cooperation (UIC), influence innovation efficiency in China. We divide the innovation process into two sequential stages, namely the knowledge creation and technology commercialization stages, and employ a network data envelopment analysis approach to measure innovation efficiency at each stage. The spatial analysis of the distribution of knowledge creation efficiency and technology commercialization efficiency reveals the heterogeneity of innovation efficiency at the provincial level. Then, a panel data regression is used to analyze the effect of FDI and UIC on innovation efficiency at each stage, using data from 2009 to 2015 for 30 provinces in China. By comparing FDI with UIC, we find that FDI has a higher coefficient and stronger significance level at the knowledge creation stage, while only industry-institute linkages exhibit a stronger association with innovation efficiency at the technology commercialization stage. View Full-Text
Keywords: foreign direct investment; university-institute-industry cooperation; innovation efficiency; external and internal technology spillover; network DEA; China foreign direct investment; university-institute-industry cooperation; innovation efficiency; external and internal technology spillover; network DEA; China
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Qin, X.; Du, D. Do External or Internal Technology Spillovers Have a Stronger Influence on Innovation Efficiency in China? Sustainability 2017, 9, 1574.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top