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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1524; doi:10.3390/su9091524

Influencing Factors of the Adoption of Agricultural Irrigation Technologies and the Economic Returns: A Case Study in Chaiyaphum Province, Thailand

1
Natural Resources Management, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
2
Faculty of Career Development, Kyoto Koka Women’s University, Kyoko 615-0882, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 June 2017 / Revised: 10 August 2017 / Accepted: 23 August 2017 / Published: 27 August 2017
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Abstract

This empirical research investigates the factors influencing the adoption of three irrigation technologies using a probit statistical model: water wheel (WW), water pump (WP), and weir (WR) irrigation technologies as well as their economic returns per unit of rice cultivated area. The influencing factors were categorized into demographic, socioeconomic, topographical, institutional, and attitudinal factor groups by 207 rice-growers in the Chaiyaphum province in northeastern Thailand. The results revealed that the land holding size, farm income, and water use association (WUA) membership factors were highly positively associated with the WW adoption. Meanwhile, age, farm income, skills training, and WUA membership were negatively correlated with the WP adoption. Nevertheless, proximity to a water source and upstream farmland location were positively correlated with the WP adoption. The WR adoption was positively associated with age but negatively correlated with the land holding size, upstream farmland location, and group participation factors. The cost–benefit analysis indicated that the WW irrigation scheme generated the highest economic return with the benefit-to-cost ratio schemes. The findings suggest that the WW irrigation technology would be deployed in the water management of other agricultural areas in the region to overcome the unfavorable geography and alleviate the local farmers’ disadvantageous economic conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural water management; traditional technology; irrigation technology; technology adoption; economics agricultural water management; traditional technology; irrigation technology; technology adoption; economics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chuchird, R.; Sasaki, N.; Abe, I. Influencing Factors of the Adoption of Agricultural Irrigation Technologies and the Economic Returns: A Case Study in Chaiyaphum Province, Thailand. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1524.

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