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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1439; doi:10.3390/su9081439

Employing SWOT Analysis and Normal Cloud Model for Water Resource Sustainable Utilization Assessment and Strategy Development

State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
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Received: 3 July 2017 / Revised: 27 July 2017 / Accepted: 13 August 2017 / Published: 15 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eutrophication and Sustainable Management of Water)
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Abstract

Water Resource Sustainable Utilization (WRSU) is becoming increasingly important, given growing water resource shortages and widening gaps between water supply and demand. Most existing studies have focused on WRSU levels without a dedicated strategy-oriented framework. In addition, uncertainties occur in the process of indicator quantification and grading, leading to a lack of accuracy in the assessment results. Therefore, in this study, stemming from water resource, societal, economic, and environmental dimensions, an indicator system with qualitative description was introduced by Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) analysis to enable development and selection of sustainable water use strategies. A normal cloud model that is capable of addressing uncertainties was used to determine WRSU levels. The comprehensive evaluation results can both reflect the WRSU levels and select the most suitable strategy. The model’s utility was demonstrated by applying it to the case of Shandong province in China. Based on the results, most areas of Shandong province appear to be facing serious unsustainable issues. Appropriate development strategies based on the WRSU levels were provided for improving sustainable use of water resources. The proposed method offers an efficient means for WRSU assessment and strategy development. Moreover, it has the potential to be applied to other water resource issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: Water Resource Sustainable Utilization; strategy development; SWOT analysis; normal cloud model; Shandong province Water Resource Sustainable Utilization; strategy development; SWOT analysis; normal cloud model; Shandong province
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gao, X.; Chen, L.; Sun, B.; Liu, Y. Employing SWOT Analysis and Normal Cloud Model for Water Resource Sustainable Utilization Assessment and Strategy Development. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1439.

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