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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1277; doi:10.3390/su9071277

Spatial Variations and Determinants of Per Capita Household CO2 Emissions (PHCEs) in China

Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental Systems, College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
Information Center for Global Change Studies, Lanzhou Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
Department of Geography, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
Institute for Agriculture and the Environment, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 June 2017 / Revised: 17 July 2017 / Accepted: 18 July 2017 / Published: 20 July 2017
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In China, household CO2 emissions (HCEs) are increasing due to economic development and accelerated urbanization. This paper details the spatial variations of per capita household CO2 emissions (PHCEs) in China and the factors impacting PHCEs using spatial statistical analysis and a spatial panel data model for the period from 1997 to 2014. Our results indicate that (1) there has been high provincial variation in rates of change across China, with some provinces’ PHCEs increasing by an order of magnitude from 1997 to 2014; (2) the Global Moran’s I of PHCEs are above 0, and the spatial differences between PHCEs are caused by the High-High cluster and Low-Low cluster in China; (3) a 1% increase of per capita income, education level, and urbanization will result in increases in PHCEs of 0.6990%, 0.0149%, and 0.0044%, respectively, whilst a 1% increase in household size will result in a 0.0496% decrease in PHCEs. There are a large number of factors impacting CO2 emissions, while there is little specific guidance on the spatial variations and provincial characteristics of CO2 emissions from the perspective of household consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: per capita household CO2 emissions (PHCEs); panel data model; spatial variations; determinants; China per capita household CO2 emissions (PHCEs); panel data model; spatial variations; determinants; China

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, L.; Qu, J.; Clarke-Sather, A.; Maraseni, T.N.; Pang, J. Spatial Variations and Determinants of Per Capita Household CO2 Emissions (PHCEs) in China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1277.

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