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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1147; doi:10.3390/su9071147

Effects of Climate Change on Outdoor Skating in the Bei Hai Park of Beijing and Related Adaptive Strategies

1
Tourism School, Sichuan University, 24 South Section 1 Ring Road No. 1, Chengdu, Sichuan 610065, China
2
Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 May 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 21 June 2017 / Published: 30 June 2017
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Abstract

This paper reports findings derived from a study of the impacts of climate change on winter outdoor skating activities in the Chinese park of Bei Hai from 1989 to 2015. Based on field observation data and in-depth interviews, it was concluded that the outdoor skating activities, with a history of more than 1000 years, are being threatened by the warming climate. The opening dates and duration times of skating over the last 26 years showed periodic variations over three-year cycles. Increases of temperatures by 1 °C in December were associated with a 3.80-day delay in the skating-field opening dates and a 4.49-day decrease in the operation duration times. In particular, climate change has resulted in a loss of the skating field area and a reduction in the operation duration times, and tourists are moving north for skating-related recreation or conducting alternative activities. The current adaptive strategies are not very effective. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; skating; Beijing; Bei Hai Park; tourism climate change; skating; Beijing; Bei Hai Park; tourism
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, J.; Cheng, H.; Sun, X.; Huang, L.; Fan, Q.; Liu, H. Effects of Climate Change on Outdoor Skating in the Bei Hai Park of Beijing and Related Adaptive Strategies. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1147.

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