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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1143; doi:10.3390/su9071143

Comparative Performance of Various Disc-Type Furrow Openers in No-Till Paddy Field Conditions

1
College of Engineering, Nanjing Agricultural University Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210031, China
2
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan
3
Department of Soil Science, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan
4
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, Duzce University, Duzce 81060, Turkey
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 March 2017 / Revised: 28 May 2017 / Accepted: 22 June 2017 / Published: 29 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
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Abstract

Different furrow openers are required to be evaluated for their suitability to manage rice straw for direct planting of wheat in paddy fields. This study was carried out to assess the straw-cutting ability and draft requirements of four different disc-type furrow openers (notched, toothed, smooth-edge single disc, and double disc) in no-till paddy fields. The openers were attached to an in-field traction rig equipped with S-type load cells, and tested using three operating depths of 30, 60, and 90 mm, and three traveling speeds of 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 m s−1. Vertical and horizontal forces acting on the openers were observed using LabVIEW software based data acquisition system. The results of this study indicated that the furrow opener type, operating depth, and speed significantly influenced the horizontal and vertical forces, as well as straw-cutting ability of the furrow openers. The highest draft and vertical force were noted for double disc-type furrow openers. The mean straw-cutting efficiency of notched, toothed, and smooth-edge single disc and double disc furrow openers were 12.4, 46.2, 11.4, and 78.5%, respectively. The double disc furrow opener (DD) produced the lowest level of hair-pinned straw and had the highest straw-cutting efficiency with a value of 88.6% at 90 mm operating depth, and therefore had the best performance in comparison with other furrow openers. View Full-Text
Keywords: conservation tillage; crop residue; disc furrow opener; draft; straw-cutting efficiency; paddy field conservation tillage; crop residue; disc furrow opener; draft; straw-cutting efficiency; paddy field
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ahmad, F.; Weimin, D.; Qishou, D.; Rehim, A.; Jabran, K. Comparative Performance of Various Disc-Type Furrow Openers in No-Till Paddy Field Conditions. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1143.

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