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Sustainability 2017, 9(6), 1059; doi:10.3390/su9061059

Identifying Clusters of Complex Urban–Rural Issues as Part of Policy Making Process Using a Network Analysis Approach: A Case Study in Bahía de Los Ángeles, Mexico

1
Computer Engineering Department, Autonomous University of Baja California, 22390 Tijuana, B.C., Mexico
2
Finance & Decision Sciences Department, Trinity University, San Antonio, TX 78212, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 January 2017 / Revised: 8 June 2017 / Accepted: 13 June 2017 / Published: 19 June 2017
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Abstract

Improving human settlements diagnosis is a key factor in effective urban planning and the design of efficient policy making. In this paper, we illustrate how network theory concepts can be applied to reveal the topological structure of functional relationships in a network of heterogeneous urban–rural issues. This mapping is done using clustering algorithms and centrality value techniques. By analyzing emergent groups of urban–rural related issues, our methodology was applied to a rural community, considering in this exercise environmental matters and real estate interests as a way to better understand the structure of salient issues in the context of its urban development program design. Results show clusters that arrange themselves not by an obvious similarity in their constituent components, but by relations observed in urban–rural settings that hint on the issues that the urban development program must focus. Due to its complex nature, the classification of these emerging clusters and how they must be treated in traditional planning instruments is a new challenge that this novel methodology reveals. View Full-Text
Keywords: clustering; urban issues; complexity; public policy; network theory clustering; urban issues; complexity; public policy; network theory
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Sandoval, J.; Castañón-Puga, M.; Gaxiola-Pacheco, C.; Suarez, E.D. Identifying Clusters of Complex Urban–Rural Issues as Part of Policy Making Process Using a Network Analysis Approach: A Case Study in Bahía de Los Ángeles, Mexico. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1059.

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