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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 855; doi:10.3390/su9050855

The Effectiveness of Planning Control on Urban Growth: Evidence from Hangzhou, China

1
Department of Urban Planning, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
School of Planning, Design, and Construction & Center of Global Change and Earth Observation, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
3
Land resource management center, Chengdu Hi-Tech development zone committee, Chengdu 610041, China
4
Center of Global Change and Earth Observation, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
5
College of Resources and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
6
School of Public Administration, Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hualin Xie
Received: 6 April 2017 / Revised: 15 May 2017 / Accepted: 15 May 2017 / Published: 19 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Land Use in China)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [17500 KB, uploaded 19 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Urban sprawl presents a serious challenge for sustainable urban land use. Urban planning attempts to guarantee sustainable urban development and proper use of land resources. However, a large gap usually exists between planning and actual development. This paper aims to analyze the evolutionary characteristics of urban form and the spatiotemporal dynamics of urban planning from 1964 to 2013, using the case of Hangzhou, China. We proposed a framework that included remote sensing, landscape metrics, and control effectiveness indexes. The results indicated that urban planning failed to perform effectively in Hangzhou, reflected by the uncontrolled urban sprawl during all the planning periods. The low effectiveness of planning was resulted from multiple factors, including historical economic events that made expansion unexpected, functional orientation of planning which drove fragmented suburbanization, the ineffective methods for forecasting population and land use, and the influences by the market forces. The findings deepen the understanding of the impacts of urban planning, and provide references for making rational urban management decisions and sustainable urban land management. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban planning; control effectiveness; spatiotemporal dynamic; urban growth; plan-making logic urban planning; control effectiveness; spatiotemporal dynamic; urban growth; plan-making logic
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Wu, Y.; Fan, P.; Li, B.; Ouyang, Z.; Liu, Y.; You, H. The Effectiveness of Planning Control on Urban Growth: Evidence from Hangzhou, China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 855.

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