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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 774; doi:10.3390/su9050774

The Spatial Differentiation of the Suitability of Ice-Snow Tourist Destinations Based on a Comprehensive Evaluation Model in China

1
Liaoning Key Laboratory of Physical Geography and Geomatics, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
2
Department of Tourism Management, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
3
Key Laboratory of Land Surface Patterns and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jun Liu, Gang Liu and This Rutishauser
Received: 1 February 2017 / Revised: 27 April 2017 / Accepted: 4 May 2017 / Published: 8 May 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [11833 KB, uploaded 16 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Ice, snow, and rime are wonders of the cold season in an alpine climate zone and climate landscape. With its pure, spectacular, and magical features, these regions attract numerous tourists. Ice and snow landscapes can provide not only visually-stimulating experiences for people, but also opportunities for outdoor play and movement. In China, ice and snow tourism is a new type of recreation; however, the establishment of snow and ice in relation to the suitability of the surrounding has not been clearly expressed. Based on multi-source data, such as tourism, weather, and traffic data, this paper employs the Delphi-analytic hierarchy process (AHP) evaluation method and a spatial analysis method to study the spatial differences of snow and ice tourism suitability in China. China’s ice and snow tourism is located in the latitude from 35°N to 53.33°N and latitude 41.5°N to 45°N and longitude 82°E to 90°E, with the main focus on latitude and terrain factors. A poor fit is concentrated at latitude 20.45°N to 35°N and longitude 100°E to 122°E; the difference is that the latitude is low and affected by the Japanese warm current. The analysis of the suitability of ice and snow tourism can be employed as a reference for the development of ice and snow tourism. View Full-Text
Keywords: suitability; ice-snow tourism; tourist destinations; comprehensive evaluation; spatial differentiation; China suitability; ice-snow tourism; tourist destinations; comprehensive evaluation; spatial differentiation; China
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Yang, J.; Yang, R.; Sun, J.; Huang, T.; Ge, Q. The Spatial Differentiation of the Suitability of Ice-Snow Tourist Destinations Based on a Comprehensive Evaluation Model in China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 774.

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