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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 727; doi:10.3390/su9050727

Examining PM2.5 Emissions Embodied in China’s Supply Chain Using a Multiregional Input-Output Analysis

1
Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
2
School of Economics, Zhejiang University of Finance & Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China
3
Institute of Policy and Management, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fabio Carlucci
Received: 6 March 2017 / Revised: 13 April 2017 / Accepted: 27 April 2017 / Published: 3 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1757 KB, uploaded 3 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Haze has become an urgent problem for China’s highly populated cities. Regional collaboration is an effective method for controlling air pollution. Because air pollution diffuses freely, it is necessary to distribute the responsibility for pollution with a common and differentiated rule. Based on a multiregional input-output model, this article calculated the PM2.5 emissions embodied in provincial trade (EEPT) of China’s 30 provinces in 2007 and 2010. The results show that the PM2.5 EEPT accounts for almost one-third of the production-based PM2.5 emissions of China. The economic crisis lowered the EEPT, while the ratio between the EEPT and production-based PM2.5 emissions has increased. The EEPT values of the eastern provinces are mainly due to the EEPT embodied in final consumption, while the EEPT values of the central, northeastern, and the western provinces are due to the EEPT embodied in the intermediate input. We also analyzed different compositions of EEPT, such as fixed capital formation and consumption. The emissions embodied in provincial imports are mainly due to fixed capital formation. Due to the policies of the West Development, the Rising of Central China, and Promoting the Old Industrial Base in the Northeast, the central government increased the investment to these areas. The ratios of the EEPT embodied in the fixed capital formation to the total EEPT of the central (0.64), northeastern (0.69), and the western provinces (0.65) are higher than that of the eastern provinces (0.62). This indicates that the government need to establish different policies to control the effects of EEPT. In addition to the challenges of regional collaboration, environmental damage and the EEPT should be taken into account. The importers in the collaboration should consider providing compensation to the exporters in the collaboration. View Full-Text
Keywords: PM2.5 embodied emissions; multiregional input-output; China PM2.5 embodied emissions; multiregional input-output; China
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wu, L.; Zhong, Z.; Liu, C.; Wang, Z. Examining PM2.5 Emissions Embodied in China’s Supply Chain Using a Multiregional Input-Output Analysis. Sustainability 2017, 9, 727.

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