Next Article in Journal
Interrelations of Ecosystem Services and Rural Population Wellbeing in an Ecologically-Fragile Area in North China
Previous Article in Journal
Modeling the Relative Contributions of Land Use Change and Harvest to Forest Landscape Change in the Taihe County, China
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 700; doi:10.3390/su9050700

An Optimal Operation Model and Ordered Charging/Discharging Strategy for Battery Swapping Stations

School of Economics and Management, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
Research Center for Beijing Energy Development, Beijing 102206, China
Guangzhou Power Supply Bureau, China Southern Power Grid, Guangzhou 510620, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yongrok Choi
Received: 2 February 2017 / Revised: 18 April 2017 / Accepted: 26 April 2017 / Published: 28 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1310 KB, uploaded 28 April 2017]   |  


The economic operation of battery swapping stations (BSSs) is significant for the promotion of large-scale electric vehicles. This paper develops a linear programming model to maximize the daily operation profits of a BSS by considering constraints of the battery swapping demand of users and the charging/discharging balance of batteries in the BSS. Based on the BSS configuration and data from electric taxis in Beijing, we simulate the operation situation and charging/discharging load of the BSS in nine scenarios with two ordered charging and discharging strategies. The simulation results demonstrate that the model can achieve the maximum daily profits of the BSS. According to the sensitivity analysis, the battery swapping price for batteries is the most sensitive, followed by the number of batteries in the BSS, while the operation-maintenance costs and battery depreciation costs are least sensitive. In addition, the charging and discharging of batteries in the BSS can be coordinated by increasing the battery quantity of the BSS and formulating the ladder-type battery swapping price. View Full-Text
Keywords: battery swapping station; operation analysis; charging and discharging strategy battery swapping station; operation analysis; charging and discharging strategy

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, Y.; Zhang, X.; Xie, J.; Liu, W. An Optimal Operation Model and Ordered Charging/Discharging Strategy for Battery Swapping Stations. Sustainability 2017, 9, 700.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top