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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 678; doi:10.3390/su9050678

Toward Geodesign for Watershed Restoration on the Fremont-Winema National Forest, Pacific Northwest, USA

1
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
2
InfoHarvest, Inc., Seattle, WA 98165-2055, USA
3
Mountain-View Business Group, LP, Upland, CA 91784, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jose G. Borges, Eva-Maria Nordström, Luiz Carlos Rodriguez and Thomas Seifert
Received: 6 January 2017 / Revised: 19 April 2017 / Accepted: 22 April 2017 / Published: 26 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Decision Support for Forest Ecosystem Management Sustainability)
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Abstract

Spatial decision support systems for forest management have steadily evolved over the past 20+ years in order to better address the complexities of contemporary forest management issues such as the sustainability and resilience of ecosystems on forested landscapes. In this paper, we describe and illustrate new features of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support (EMDS) system that extend the system’s traditional support for landscape analysis and strategic planning to include a simple approach to feature-based tactical planning priorities. The study area for this work was the Chewaucan watershed of the Fremont-Winema National Forest, located in south-central Oregon, USA. The analysis of strategic priorities recommended five subwatersheds as being of high priority for restoration activities, based primarily on decision criteria related to the stream accessibility to headwaters and upland condition. Among high priority subwatersheds, the most common tactical action recommended was the removal of artificial barriers to fish passages. Other high priority tactical actions recommended in high priority subwatersheds to improve fish habitats were reducing the road density and restoring riparian vegetation. In the discussion, we conclude by describing how the simple tactical planning methods illustrated in this paper can be extended in EMDS to provide a more sophisticated hybrid approach to strategic and tactical planning that can evaluate alternative portfolios of designed management actions applied across landscapes. The latter planned improvement to decision support capabilities in EMDS encapsulates Carl Steinitz’s concept of geodesign. View Full-Text
Keywords: decision support; landscape analysis; logic modeling; strategic planning; tactical planning; multi-criteria decision analysis; forest management; geodesign decision support; landscape analysis; logic modeling; strategic planning; tactical planning; multi-criteria decision analysis; forest management; geodesign
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Reynolds, K.M.; Murphy, P.J.; Paplanus, S. Toward Geodesign for Watershed Restoration on the Fremont-Winema National Forest, Pacific Northwest, USA. Sustainability 2017, 9, 678.

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