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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 575; doi:10.3390/su9040575

Not Only Health: Environmental Pollution Disasters and Political Trust

1
College of Finance and Statistics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
2
Business School of Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yongrok Choi
Received: 21 February 2017 / Revised: 27 March 2017 / Accepted: 7 April 2017 / Published: 10 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [558 KB, uploaded 10 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

Over the past 30 years, the economy of China has sustained rapid growth. However, the extensive development pattern severely deteriorates the ecological environment, which has been recognized as adverse effects on citizens’ physical and mental health. Simultaneously, the political trust in China has been in decline after staying at a high level for a long time. In this paper, we state that, in addition to health issues, environmental pollution can also lead to important political consequences. Using statistics on the occurrence of environmental pollution disasters and a nationally representative survey database in China, we find that environmental pollution disasters can negatively affect citizens’ trust of the government. This relationship persists after a series of endogenous tests and robustness checks. Path analysis indicates that this relationship can be partially mediated by the increase in citizens’ environmental awareness. The cross-sectional analyses on individual characteristics demonstrate that the negative effect of environmental pollution disasters on political trust is less pronounced for female citizens and citizens who are communist party members. Finally, we report that the government’s positive attitudes and activities in resolving environmental pollution problems can partially offset the negative effect of environmental pollution disasters on political trust. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental pollution disasters; political trust; environmental awareness environmental pollution disasters; political trust; environmental awareness
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Gong, X.; Yang, S.; Zhang, M. Not Only Health: Environmental Pollution Disasters and Political Trust. Sustainability 2017, 9, 575.

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