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Erratum published on 27 November 2017, see Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2187.

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 553; doi:10.3390/su9040553

Political Regime and Learning Outcomes of Stakeholder Participation: Cross-National Study of 81 Biosphere Reserves

Department of Political Science, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Academic Editor: Paul Burger
Received: 22 February 2017 / Revised: 25 March 2017 / Accepted: 1 April 2017 / Published: 5 April 2017
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Abstract

Stakeholder participation in natural resource management has spread widely, even to nondemocracies, driven by expectations of beneficial outcomes such as multidirectional learning. However, can we expect participation to be equally effective in achieving multidirectional learning in democracies and nondemocracies? Unsurprisingly, previous studies indicate the relevance of power distribution for learning. Higher levels of repression and accumulation of political capital in nondemocracies should limit the distribution of power across stakeholders. Yet, the relationship between political regime, participation, and learning has rarely been studied empirically. I address this gap by analysing multidirectional learning in stakeholder participation in 81 Man and the Biosphere reserves across 35 countries using ordinary least squares regression, Firth logistic regression, and heat maps. The results suggest that the amount of stakeholders sharing knowledge and learning is similar in both regimes. However, a closer analysis reveals differences in the impact different stakeholders have on the learning process. More concretely, local actors share knowledge more often and have a greater impact on stakeholders’ learning in democracies, while state actors display similar behavior across regimes in terms of learning and sharing knowledge. Thus, although there are notable similarities across regimes, multidirectional learning through stakeholder participation is influenced by the political context. View Full-Text
Keywords: biosphere reserve; political regime; learning; participation; stakeholder; natural resource management biosphere reserve; political regime; learning; participation; stakeholder; natural resource management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Roldán, A.M. Political Regime and Learning Outcomes of Stakeholder Participation: Cross-National Study of 81 Biosphere Reserves. Sustainability 2017, 9, 553.

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