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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 487; doi:10.3390/su9040487

Transformation Planning for Resilient Wildlife Habitats in Ecotourism Systems

Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, 145, Anam-ro, Seongbukgu, Seoul 02841, Korea
Ecological Engineering Institute NEXUS Group, 40, Imi-ro, Uiwang-si, Gyeonggi-do 16006, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Werner T. Flueck
Received: 19 December 2016 / Revised: 19 March 2017 / Accepted: 21 March 2017 / Published: 24 March 2017
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An ecotourism system that is based on wildlife habitats in ecological systems is considered a social-ecological system that has a feedback relationship with social systems. Increases in socioeconomic activities and tourism infrastructure construction are not conducive to the resilience of wildlife habitats, thereby stressing the ecological system and threatening sustainable ecotourism. Managing resilient wildlife habitats by developing transformation plans that can be used to construct new systems through self-organization and the absorption of stress is paramount to perpetuating sustainable ecotourism systems. This study aims to establish transformation plans to enhance the resilience of systems thinking regarding wildlife habitats. Such thinking involves the sequential application of dynamic thinking, causal thinking, closed-loop thinking, and the discovery of strategies. This study examines the case study of Eulsukdo Island in South Korea, and the following transformation plans are derived: (1) high-quality eco-education programs to help tourists become hard ecotourists; (2) subsidies for foraging area restoration; (3) ecosystem services of wildlife habitats; and (4) governance organization led by multiple actors. The results of this study can provide guidelines for the effective use of natural resources at ecotourism destinations and for the ecotourism development of damaged wildlife habitats. View Full-Text
Keywords: systems thinking; social-ecological system; sustainable wildlife habitats; decision making of multiple actors; transformation; tourism resource systems thinking; social-ecological system; sustainable wildlife habitats; decision making of multiple actors; transformation; tourism resource

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Choi, Y.E.; Song, K.; Kim, M.; Lee, J. Transformation Planning for Resilient Wildlife Habitats in Ecotourism Systems. Sustainability 2017, 9, 487.

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