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Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 400; doi:10.3390/su9030400

Comparative “from Cradle to Gate” Life Cycle Assessments of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Materials

1
Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00184, Italy
2
Tecnoprove, Monterodondo 00015, Italy
3
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universidad de Los Andes, Cra. 1 #18a-12, Bogotá, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 3 February 2017 / Revised: 19 February 2017 / Accepted: 3 March 2017 / Published: 8 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Engineering and Science)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1134 KB, uploaded 8 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

The objective of this work is to compare the environmental impact of two different hot mix asphalt (HMA) materials used for road construction in Italy. The analyses used a “from cradle to gate” Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) boundary system and the methodology included considerations about raw materials and fuel supply, as well as transport and manufacturing processes. Primary data provided by the producers and secondary data available in the literature were used as part of the analyses. The results suggest that the proposed method offers rigorous criteria for a comprehensive assessment of the environmental impact of HMA materials, which could be used, among others, as an evaluation parameter in public bids. View Full-Text
Keywords: pavements; HMA; from cradle to gate; EPD®; EN 15804; LCA pavements; HMA; from cradle to gate; EPD®; EN 15804; LCA
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Moretti, L.; Mandrone, V.; D’Andrea, A.; Caro, S. Comparative “from Cradle to Gate” Life Cycle Assessments of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Materials. Sustainability 2017, 9, 400.

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