I Have a Dream: Organic Movements Include Gene Manipulation to Improve Sustainable Farming
AbstractSeveral papers in a Special Issue of Sustainability have recently discussed various aspects to evaluate whether organic farming and gene manipulation are compatible. A special emphasis was given to new plant breeding techniques (NPBTs). These new approaches allow the most predictable genetic alterations of crop plants in ways that the genetically modified plant is identical to a plant generated by conventional breeding. The articles of the Special Issue present the arguments pro and contra the inclusion of the plants generated by NPBTs in organic farming. Organic movements have not yet made a final decision whether some of these techniques should be accepted or banned. In my view these novel genetically manipulated (GM) crops could be used in such a way as to respect the requirements for genetically manipulated organisms (GMOs) formulated by the International Federation of Organic Movements (IFOAM). Reviewing the potential benefits of disease-resistant potatoes and bananas, it seems possible that these crops support organic farming. To this end, I propose specific requirements that the organic movements should proactively formulate as their standards to accept specific GM crops. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ryffel, G.U. I Have a Dream: Organic Movements Include Gene Manipulation to Improve Sustainable Farming. Sustainability 2017, 9, 392.
Ryffel GU. I Have a Dream: Organic Movements Include Gene Manipulation to Improve Sustainable Farming. Sustainability. 2017; 9(3):392.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ryffel, Gerhart U. 2017. "I Have a Dream: Organic Movements Include Gene Manipulation to Improve Sustainable Farming." Sustainability 9, no. 3: 392.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.