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Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 328; doi:10.3390/su9030328

Functional Differentiation and Sustainability: A New Stage of Development in the Chinese Container Port System

1
Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
2
School of Urban & Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
3
China Institute of FTZ Supply Chain, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China
4
Faculty of Applied Economics, University of Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
5
Maritime Institute, Faculty of Law, Ghent University, 9000 Gent, Belgium
6
Faculty of Science, Antwerp Maritime Academy, 2030 Antwerp, Belgium
7
Division of Business, Hong Kong Community College, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
8
Transport Institute, Asper School of Business, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 5V4, Canada
9
Department of Supply Chain Management, Asper School of Business, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 5V4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yongrok Choi
Received: 22 December 2016 / Revised: 6 February 2017 / Accepted: 17 February 2017 / Published: 23 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2020 KB, uploaded 23 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Adjacent ports played a significant role in the evolution of the port system. In our study, we selected five pairs (i.e., Dalian–Yingkou, Qingdao–Yantai, Shanghai–Ningbo, Xiamen–Quanzhou, and Shenzhen–Guangzhou) of the most important adjacent ports in China to reveal the recent trend of China unique port system development; how and why will port system development be de-concentrated; and integrate the conceptual modal into in-depth analysis. The major findings are as follows: (1) There is functional differentiation in adjacent ports. To some big ports’ sustainability, they focus on foreign trade while other small ports, in order to achieve sustainable development, they focus on domestic trade; (2) First-mover advantage and dislocation competition is a mechanism of China ports functional differentiation; (3) Shanghai and Ningbo are unique in that both ports are similarly focused on foreign trade because they both have deep-water harbors, excellent geographical location, export-oriented hinterland economy, and close foreign investment relationships. View Full-Text
Keywords: port system; adjacent port; functional differentiation; sustainability; mechanism port system; adjacent port; functional differentiation; sustainability; mechanism
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, L.; Notteboom, T.; Lau, Y.-Y.; Ng, A.K.Y. Functional Differentiation and Sustainability: A New Stage of Development in the Chinese Container Port System. Sustainability 2017, 9, 328.

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